causes of infertility
Infertility is when a couple fails to become pregnant after an extended period of trying. When a couple experiences infertility, they often look for causes of infertility in both men and women in order to explore ways to increase the chances of pregnancy. Because each individual is different, finding the causes for infertility is a process; however there are simple ways both males and females can combat infertility.
Quit Smoking –
In addition to the myriad health risks smoking causes in general health, it also is a cause of infertility. Smoking affects how receptive the uterus is to egg implantation, and raises the risks of miscarriage significantly. In men, smoking can cause healthy sperm production to decrease, as well as damage DNA.
Watch What You Drink –
Both alcohol and caffeine lead to a person’s infertility. To increase fertility and the chances of a viable pregnancy, it is advised to restrict or cut out completely beverages with caffeine or alcohol.
Diet and Exercise –
Poor health can also be a cause of infertility. One key to decreasing infertility in both men and women is moderation in diet and exercise. Eating or exercising too much or too little puts your body under stress, which can cause infertility. By eating a balanced diet and getting the recommended amount of exercise, men and women can increase their chances of getting pregnant. Obesity is a significant cause in both male and female infertility.
Ovulation and Regular Intercourse –
Typically ovulation occurs about 14 days before the menstrual cycle. While tracking ovulation is an important step in finding the cause of infertility and increasing the chances of becoming pregnant, having regular sexual intercourse even while not ovulating raises the chance of pregnancy. Not having intercourse for more than 5 days may affect sperm count, and ovulation cycles may be unpredictable, so increasing sexual activity is a safe and easy way to increase the chances of pregnancy.
Fertility Treatments –
If a couple tries for a significant period of time without resulting in a pregnancy, a couple may be tested for infertility. Some of the observations may include:
Interviews that cover health and reproductive history
Tests of the uterus, including a saline infusion sonogram
Tests of the fallopian tubes, including a hysterosalpingogram
Tests of the ovaries
Tests of the cervix
After a full assessment, fertility specialists will determine your options for treating infertility and a couple’s chances of conceiving. Treatments may include:
Oral Medications or Injectable Medication – Stimulates ovulation through the release of gonadotropins from the pituitary gland. Often accompany other treatment.
IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination) – Sperm is washed and introduced directly into the uterus around the time of ovulation.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) – Utilizes assisted reproductive technology to fertilize a woman’s eggs outside her body.
Egg or Semen Donation
Egg or semen donations allow an embryo to be created with either male or female factor infertility, or both.
Learn More About Increasing Fertility
You can find out more about how women and couples are successfully increasing their chances of pregnancy at a free informational seminar, where doctors from Oregon Reproductive Medicine answer all your questions and discuss the promising treatments now available.
Our events take place across the country, and we may be visiting your city soon.